The Puerto Rican People leaflet

****The following is a one page double-sided pamphlet that can be folded into a tri-fold leaflet. It is meant to be used for educational purposes. Print it out, make copies, and share it with those who can make use of it, whether for themselves, or to help share the information further.****

The Puerto Rican People leaflet

The Puerto Rican People:

Our Struggle With Colonialism

August 2012 ~ As part of the September 23rd Cultural Resistance


El Grito de Lares

This event which took place on September 23, 1868 is crucial to Puerto Rican history. It was the first time a large and diverse group of people rose up together in the case of their freedom and independence from Spain. Dr. Ramon Emeterio Betances led the revolution, which was militarily defeated.


The date it took place on is considered the birth date of the Puerto Rican nation, the result of a unity between the native, African, European, and other peoples that lived there.

Mariana Bracetti

Born in Añasco, Mariana Bracetti sewed the first flag of Puerto Rico for the revolutionaries of El Grito de Lares in 1868.


Bracetti was also a leader in the Lares Revolutionary Council. She was married to Miguel Rojas who was a leader of the revolutionary army in Lares with his brother Manuel.

María de las Mercedes Barbudo

Considered the first Puerto Rican female independence fighter, Mercedes Barbudo, born in San Juan, also had close ties with the Venezuelan rebels led by Simón Bolívar.


Being watched by Spanish authorities, she was arrested in October 1824. Held without bail she was sentenced without trial to exile in Cuba. She would later escape to Venezuela where she lived until her death in 1849.

Dr. Pedro Albizu Campos

After Puerto Rico was illegally given to the U.S. by Spain in 1898, the independence movement found it’s next leader in the Ponce-born Albizu Campos.


Considered a threat, the U.S. kept him in jail for a total of more than 25 years. He was also tortured in prison as a subject of radiation tests. He spoke several languages.

The Ponce Massacre

Organizing a peaceful protest march against the imprisonment of Nationalist leaders, hundreds of people gathered in Ponce on March 21, 1937.


The police came in to stop the march and opened fire on the crowd, killing 19 and injuring over 200 others, including women and children.

Filiberto Ojeda Ríos

Learning from the violent reactions of the police and government in the past, Filiberto continued the fight of Albizu Campos in clandestinity in order to evade the violence.


Although a fugitive for many years, he evaded capture and was able to continue his work uniting people for the struggle to free Puerto Rico from colonialism. On September 23, 2005 the FBI conducted a massive operation during which they killed Filiberto.

Boricua Quotes

 “The youth has the duty to defend the homeland with the weapons of knowledge.”

Dr. Pedro Albizu Campos


“Our enemies are not so great, what is happening is that we are on our knees. Let’s rise.”

Dr. Ramon Emeterio Betances


“To want to be free is to begin to be it.”

Dr. Ramon Emeterio Betances


“We must continue even if we take one hundred years.”

Blanca Canales Torresola


“Here we do not have to live under the flag of anyone. We already have our own.”

Lolita Lebrón


“In reality, the colonial history does not apply to us. It is more fitting for the colonizer. Ours, the only one, is the anti-colonial history because it is the history of our native people who survived and are in constant battle to defeat the powerful colonial forces.”

Filiberto Ojeda Ríos


“Letting yourself be overcome by life is worse than being overcome by death.”

Julia de Burgos

Art by Vagabond

The Puerto Rican people are the result of the experience of many different peoples who lived in the island after the 1492 arrival of Columbus. With a unique culture that is relatively very young we have impacted many areas of the world. In order to survive Puerto Ricans must use their history and culture in order to educate each other and be able to live out their identity with dignity. By determining to come together, to be free as a Puerto Rican people, we will be able to work with others to build a greater peace built on mutual support.

For more history:

For cultural videos:

“¡Que Viva Puerto Rico Libre!”



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